What is orthodontics? Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that specializes in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities.
What are the benefits of orthodontics? The following are some of orthodontic treatment benefit. A more attractive smile Reduced appearance-consciousness during critical development years Better function of the teeth Possible increase in self-confidence Increased ability to clean the teeth Improved force distribution and wear patterns of the teeth Better long-term health of teeth and gums Guide permanent teeth into more favorable positions Reduce the risk of injury to protruded front teeth Aids in optimizing other dental treatment At what age should I schedule appointment for an Orthodontist? The International Association of Orthodontics recommends an orthodontic screening at age 7 or earlier if the family dentist or physician detects a problem. Many orthodontic problems are easier to correct if detected at an early age before jaw growth has slowed. Early treatment may mean that a patient can avoid more serious complications than if started later. What is Phase I and Phase II treatment? Phase I, or early interceptive treatment, is limited orthodontic treatment (e.g., expander or partial braces) before all of the permanent teeth have erupted. Such treatment can occur between the ages of six and ten. This treatment is sometimes recommended to make more space for developing teeth, correction of crossbites, overbites, and underbites, or harmful oral habits. Phase II treatment is also called comprehensive treatment because it involves full braces when all of the permanent teeth have erupted, usually between the ages of 11 and 13. How long does orthodontic treatment take? Treatment times vary on case-by-case basis, but the average time is from 1 to 2 years. Actual treatment time can be affected by growth and severity of the case. Treatment length is also depends on patient compliance. Maintaining good oral hygiene and keeping regular appointments are important factors in keeping treatment time on schedule. Will braces hurt? The placement of bands and brackets on your teeth does not hurt. Once your braces are placed and connected with the archwires you may feel some soreness of your teeth for one to four days. Your lips and cheeks may need one to two weeks to get used to the braces on your teeth. Will I need to have teeth extracted for Braces? Extraction in orthodontics is quiet common to provide space to correct the following 1- Crowing (Picture a) 2- Protrusion (Picture b) 3- Malocclusion (Picture c) Will I have spacing after extracting permanent teeth for Braces? No usually teeth will be perfectly aligned after braces, however sometimes patients have tooth size discrepancy which lead to minor spacing at the end of treatment. Composite build up or veneer will mask these gaps. Would an adult patient benefit from orthodontics? Orthodontic treatment can be successful at any age. Many adults are correcting problems that were never treated when they were children. As long as your supporting bone and gums are reasonably healthy, you can still undergo orthodontic treatment. Recent advancement in orthodontic materials (clear aligners) encourage adult patient to seek for orthodontic treatment What do rubber bands do? Rubber bands or elastics contribute a lot to straighter teeth. They exert the force that creates the right amount of pressure to move teeth in directions that the braces alone can't. They don't work without you. It's important to wear your elastics as prescribed. Rubber bands get tired and lose their stretch so change them every day so the force is constant which the teeth like. A lack of consistency in wearing rubber bands can bring treatment to a standstill. Always carry a few rubber bands with you so if one breaks, you can replace it right away Are there any foods that I shouldn’t eat while I’m wearing braces? Yes. There is a list of foods and drinks to avoid. Some of those include: ice, hard candy, bubble gum, uncut raw carrots, caramel and soft drinks. Most emergency appointments can be avoided by carefully following instructions on foods to avoid. What are the bad effects of braces? Oral hygiene is always important but can be of utmost importance for those wearing dental braces. The braces will trap food quickly, and failing to clean the braces and the surrounding teeth after every meal can lead to considerable build up of plaque and bacteria and may lead to gum diseases or enamel damage. What is Orthognathic surgery? Orthognathic surgery combines orthodontic treatment with surgery of the jaw to correct or establish a stable, functional balance between the teeth, jaws, and facial structures. This procedure involves diagnosis, treatment planning, and execution of treatment by combining orthodontics and oral/maxillofacial surgery to correct the deformities of the jaws and associated structures. What are temporary anchorage devices (TADs)? It’s a very small specially engineered titanium alloy screw which is placed into your gum and jaw bone thereby acting as an anchor point and greatly assisting with the precise movement of your teeth. Local anesthesia is used to numb a small area of your gum, and the mini-implant is then gently inserted. Orthodontist will determine how long the mini-implant will be required, but in most cases you can expect to have it in place for a few months, however, it can be left in longer as necessary for individual patient requirements. TADs are simply removed when no longer needed, usually without anesthesia, site heals painlessly within several days after removal.